Kangra Distt. of Himachal Pradesh is situated in western Himalyas on southwestern end of the state between 31’2-32’5 N and 75’-77’45 E with its headquarter at Dharamsala .Its area extends from low foot hills to high wet temperate region through mid hill humid zone .The district has a geographical area of 5739 Sq.Km and constitutes about 10.31 percent geographic area of the state .The latest demographic position shows that the district has first position in H.P. with a population of 13,38,536(about 23% of the state) and more than 90% of the population directly or indirectly depends on agriculture for livelihood .The district has 15 developments blocks viz. Baijnath, Bhawarna, Lambagoan, Panchrukhi, NagrotaBagwan,Kangra, Bhedumahadev, Rait, Dehra, Pragpur, Nagrota Surian, Nurpur, Indora, Fatehpur and Dharamshala. From revenue point of view ,the district has 15 tehsils and 3 sub tehsils .The district has about 3870 villages located in 720 Gram Panchayats.
The altitude of the district varies from 427 to 6401 m above sea mean level with some of areas touching Gurdaspur distt. of Punjab in the west and Una Distt. in the South. While the distt. shares boundary with distt. Mandi in the east and Kullu & Chamba Distts. in the North. The distt. has considerable diversity in its soils, physiography, land use pattern and cropping systems .On the basis of above diversity, the distt. has been divided into 5 situation zones i.e. Pir Panjal, Dhauladhar, Kangra Shiwalik, Kangra Valley and Beas basin. Dhauladhar and Pir Panjal receive high snowfall in winter. 70% of the rainfall is received during the months of July to September. Summers are hot in low valley but mild in other hilly areas. Average rainfall of low hill sub tropical zone is 1110 mm where as that of mid hill sub humid zone is as high as 3000 mm while the remaining area receives about 1500 mm rainfall. Pir Panjal ranges constitute the wet temperate hilly region which initiates from inter distt. boundaries of Kullu, Chamba and Mandi on the Northern west end of the distt. The crops grown are wheat, barley, maize, potato, rajmash & vegetables. Main horticulture crops of the distt. are mango, orange, kinnow, litchi etc. The zone has upper Himalyan temperate forest mainly abundant in deodar & pastures. Trout fish culture is of importance in the region. Soils are highly acidic in nature and rich is partially decomposed humus .
Dhauladhar zone includes mid hill sub humid areas and the zone stretches through Baijnath, Deol, Bandla, Palampur, Nagri, Jia, Khaniara ,Dharamshala, Groh etc. i.e. the areas adjacent to western himalyas .Temperate & chir pine forest are predominant .Average rainfall is 1500 mm. Wheat,Maize,Paddy,Potato are the main agricultural crops. Stone fruits are the main horticultural crops. Soils are acidic in nature. Sheep, goat, cow are domestic animals.
Valley region of Kangra distt. comprises of Palam, Kangra and Nurpur. Wheat, Paddy, Millets, Potato & vegetable are mainly grown in the region. Citrus, Litchi and Mango are main horticultural crops.
Kangra Shivalik foothill region includes the area of Pragpur where as beas basin area are lying along the sides of Beas river. Citrus ,Mango and litchi are the main horticultural crops. Khair is mostly found in the region. Cows and buffalo are main domestic animals. Average rainfall is 1100 mm. Soils are almost neutral. Wheat, Maize, Paddy, Pulses, Oilseeds are the main agricultural crops.