About Una

Una is a district of Himachal Pradesh which lies in its South Western part. The present Una district until Ist Nov. 1966 was one of the tehsil of the Hoshiarpur district of Punjab. Consequent upon reorganization of Punjab all the hill areas including Una tehsil was transferred to Himachal Pradesh. Eversince until Aug. 1972 it continued to remain as tehsil of Kangra district. On the Ist September,1972 the Himachal Pradesh government reorganized the then Kangra district into three districts namely Una, Hamirpur and Kangra.

Location

Una is located between 31017'52" - 31052'0" North latitude and 75058'2" - 76028'25" East longitude. It has an average elevation of 350 metres to 1200 metres. The terrain is plain with small hills. Una shares its border with Hoshiarpur distict of Punjab. Una district is bounded by the river Beas on the north and the river Satluj in the east. The Swan river which is basically seasonal, flows right across the Jaswan valley towards South until it submerges in the Satluj river near Anandpur Sahib.

Factfile

General Parameters
Male 2,63,541
Female 2,57,516
Population in 0-6 age (Male) 31,117
Population in 0-6 age (Female) 27,083
Sex Ration 977/100 (Female / Male)
Density of Population 338 Persons / Sq. Km
People & Culture
Major Religions Hindu & Sikh
Language Spoken Pahari(Unnabi), Punjabi, Hindi
Culture Mixed (Punjabi & Pahari)
Traditions Mixed (Punjabi & Pahari)
Economy Agriculture Based
Literacy Rate 87.23%
Male Literacy 92.75%
Female Literacy 81.67%
Geographical Area 1549 Sq. Kms.
Forest Area 185 Sq. Kms.
Cultivated Area 430 Sq. Kms.
Barren & Unculturable Lands 226.7 Sq. Kms.
Land put to Non-Agri uses 294Sq. Kms.
Permanent Pastures & Other Grass Lands 129.4 Sq. Kms.
Land Under Misc. Tree, Crops and Groves 55.4 Sq. Kms.
Irrigated Area 78.4 Sq. Kms.
Altitude 350 meters to 1200 meters
Longitude 75058'2" - 76028'25"(East)
Latitude 31017'52" - 31052'0"(North)
Major Rivers Swan River
Source of Water & Irrigation
Tubewells 1131
Wells used for irrigation 185
Well Used for Domestic Purpose 1062
Kuhls in use 129
Lift Irrigation Schemes 29
Crops Area (Sq. Kms.)
Food Crops 651.6
Rice 26.8
Maize 26.8
Wheat 295.2
Wheat 321
Gram 2
Green Gram(Moong) 0.05
Black Gram or Urd(Mash) 6.20
Peas 0.03
Horse Gram(Kulth) 0.25
Masur 0.11
Sugarcane 6.02
Vegetables 9.77
Potatoes 6.13
Peas 0.23
Onion 0.70
Tomatoes 0.07
Cabbage & Cauli Flower 0.74
Turnip 0.03
Radish 0.06
Carrot 0.04
Brinjal 0.21
Codeiments & Spices 0.51
Chillies 0.09
Ginger 0.13
Turmeric 0.07
Garlic 0.16
Non Food Crops 40.51
Fiber 0.17
Hemp 0.17
Oil Seeds 21.92
Groundnut 0.10
Taramira 4.66
Seasamum 7.09
Rape(Toriya) Seeds 0.06
Mustard 10.01
Fodder Crops 18.42
Barseem & Lucrene 5.42
Chari 10.98
Bazra 2.02

Climate

 Una district falls in Submountain, low hills and subtropical zone. The winter prevails from October-mid March, summer from mid March-June and rainy season from July-September. The minimum temperature in winter goes to 3 degree centigrade and rises to 47 degrees centigrade in summer. The average annual rainfall is 1200 mm. A major portion of the precipitation is received during monsoon period from June to September.

Climate Winter Summer Rainy
Period Oct - Mid March Mid March - Jun July - Sept
Weather Cool Hot Humid
Humidity 84% 55% 98%
Temperature Max. 33.0 C 45.5 C 35.0 C
Temperature Min. -3.5 C 8.0 C 14.0 C
Rainfall Max 82.0 mm 69.0 mm 175.0 mm
Rainfall Min 1.0 mm 1.0 mm 1.0 mm

Distances

Distances From State Capital Shimla Kms
Nearest Railway Station Una 240 Kms
Nearest Airport Chandigarh 120 Kms

Administrative Setup

No. of Sub Divisions 3 [Una, Amb & Bangana]
No. of Tehsils 4 [Una, Amb, Bangana & Hroli]
Development Blocks 5 [Una, Amb, Gagret, Dhundla(Bangana) & Haroli]
Panchayats 235
Backward Panchayats 3 [Ambehra, Dheeraj, Plahata, Sinha]-all under Bangana Block
Villages 866
Panchayat Samiti 5[Una, Amb, Gagret, Dhundla(Bangana) & Haroli]
Zila Parisad 1
Local Urban Bodies 5[Municipal Commitee Una, Np Mehatpur, NP Santoshgarh, NP Daultpur Chowk]
Assembly Segments 5[Una, Haroli, Gagret, Kutlehar, Chintpurni]
Parliamentary Constituency 1[Hamirpur]
BPL Families 15,429

Climate

Una district falls in Submountain, low hills and subtropical zone. The winter prevails from October-mid March, summer from mid March-June and rainy season from July-September. The minimum temperature in winter goes to 3 degree centigrade and rises to 47 degrees centigrade in summer. The average annual rainfall is 1200 mm. A major portion of the precipitation is received during monsoon period from June to September

Agriculture

People of Una mainly earn their livelihood through agriculture but now industrial development is also taking place. Total geographical area as per revenue papers is 1549 Square kilometer out of which 430 square kilometers is cultivated area. The net irrigated area is 10500 hectares out of 40492 hectares (cultivated area ).

Major crops of the district are Wheat, Maize and Paddy. In vegetables tomatoes, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Peas, Cucurbits and Potatoes are the main crops. Major sources of irrigation are tube wells, wells  and lift irrigation. Channelization of Swan river has rendered vast tract of land fit for cultivation. Una District of Himachal  Pradesh has the unique distinction of being first in the Indian union to pioneer the cooperative movement as first cooperative institution at Panjawar (Distt Una) was registered in 1892.